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Meenakshi Amman Temple, also known as Minakshi-Sundareshwara Temple, is one of the oldest and most significant temples in India. The temple, situated in the town of Madurai, is of great mythological and historical significance. It is believed that at the site where the temple is currently situated, Lord Shiva assumed the form of Sundareswarar (the handsome one) and married Parvati (Meenakshi).
- Moolavar : Sundareswarar, Chokkanathar
- Amman / Thayar : Mennakshi, Angayarkanni
- Thala Virutcham : Kadamba tree
- Theertham :Pottramarai, Vaigai, Kruthamalai,Teppakulam, Purathotti
- Agamam / Pooja : Karana Agamam
- Old year : 2000-3000 years old
- Historical Name :Alavai, Kudal, Nanmadakudal,Kadambavanam.
- Location : Madurai , Tamil Nadu.
The history of Meenakshi Temple dates back to the 1st century C.E with scholars believing it to be as old as the city itself.
It is said that the temple was constructed by Kulashekarar Pandyan, a king who ruled over the Pandyan dynasty, as per the instructions provided by Lord Shiva in his dream.
A few religious texts that belong to the 1st to 4th century C.E talk about the temple and identify it as the central structure of the city. Texts dating back to the early 6th century, identify the temple as a place where scholars gathered to discuss important topics.
The temple as it stands today, however, was restored in the 16th century as it was demolished by the Muslim invaders.