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The temple of Thillai Nataraja, Chidambaram or Chidambaram is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva situated in the town of Chidambaram, East-Central Tamil Nadu, South India. The temple is considered to Saivites as the most important of all temples (Kovil), and has inspired worship, architecture, sculpture, and performance art for over two millennia.
- Moolavar : Thirumoolanathar (moolataneshwarar,Sabanayagar, Kootha Perumal, vidangur, Thtchinmeru vidangur, ponanbala koothan)
- Amman / Thayar : Umayambikai – Sivakama Sundari
- Thala Virutcham : Thillai
- Theertham: Shivaganga, Paramananda Koopam,Vyakrapada Theertham, Anantha Theertham, Nagacheri, Brahmma Theertham, Shivapriyai,Pulimedu, Kuyya Theertham, Tiruparkadal.
- Old year : 1000-2000 years old
- Historical Name : Thillai
- Location: Chidambaram, Cuddalore, Tamil Nadu.
Since the classical period, there have been many renovations and offerings by the royals of Pallava, Chola, Pandya, Vijayanagara and Chera to Chidambaram, a major shrine of Lord Shiva worship in ancient and pre-medieval times. The temple as it now stands is primarily from the 12th and 13th centuries, with subsequent additions in similar style.
Temple presiding deity is Lord Shiva. The temple has influenced the Lord ‘s famous Nataraj form as a celestial dancer, one which has become popular in Hinduism now.
In the temple are depicted two other types of Lord Shiva, as a Lingam-the most common representation of Lord Shiva in temples, and as the aether classical aspect of space, depicted with empty space and a garland of fifty-one hanging golden vilvam leaves.