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Ramanathaswamy Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. The temple is situated in the holy town of Rameswaram, an island town in South India, considered a holy place of pilgrimage for Shaivites, Vaishnavites, and Smarthas. The temple is also one of the twelve temples of Jyotirlinga, where Shiva is decorated in the shape of a Jyotirlingam.
- Moolavar : Ramanathaswamy, Ramalingeswarar.
- Amman /Thayar : Parvathavarthini.
- Theertham :There are 22 theerthams inside the temple and 22
theerthams outside the temple (there are 22 theerthams
outside Devipattinam, Thirupullani, Pamban,
Thangachimadam, Mandapam etc.)
- Historical Name : Kandhamadana Parvatham, Thiruviramechuram
- Location: Rameswaram, Ramanathapuram, Tamil Nadu.
It is assumed that the ancient shrine of the temple of Sri Ramanathaswamy was in a modest thatched hut until the 12th century. It was constructed later by the rulers of Sethupathy as a concrete temple.
Under the different reigns, the main additions to the temple were made between the 12th and 16th centuries. Stone blocks were shipped from Koneswaram temple, Trincomalee in the 13th century, for the reconstruction of this temple’s sanctum sanctorum.
Few of the changes to the temple have occurred later, for example the temple ‘s majestic corridor was constructed in the eighteenth century. The present Sri Ramanathaswamy temple structure was built during the 17th century.
The present Sri Ramanathaswamy temple structure is spread over 15 acres of land. The majestic pillars, wide halls, walls and gopurams allure tourists. Its walls made of granite.
On the east and west there are magnificent gopurams, while on the north and south side gate towers adorned the temple. This temple has many interesting aspects that leaves everyone mesmerised. It is also said that the rocks used in the corridor are not from this area but have been brought outside Tamil Nadu from somewhere.
Lord Shiva in the form of lingam is the principal deity of this temple. This is the lingam created by Goddess Sita, and installed here by Lord Rama who had prayed to Lord Shiva. There are two lingams in this temple; the second lingam in the temple is one that Hanuman purchased from Kailash, known as Vishwalingam or Hanumanlinga.
Goddess Visalakshi, Parvathavardhini, Lord Vinayaka and Lord Subramanya, Utsava Idol, Sayanagriha, and Perumal are also shrines. Another important idol is that of Nandi, this huge statue with a height of 17.5 feet and a length and width of 23 and 12 feet respectively attracts devotees not only with its religious aura but with incomparable sculpting excellence too.
The temple sanctuaries are also known for their temple tanks Parvathavardhini, Vishwanatha & Visalakshi, Sayanagruha (Palliyarai), Jyothirlinga, Sethumadava, and Sri ramanthaswamy Temple. Within this temple there are 22 Theerthams. The world’s devotees from all over her come to these theerthams to atone for their past sins. Agni Theertham is the first theertham, and is considered one of the most important