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The Temple of Adi Kumbeswarar is situated in the holiest town of Kumbakonam. The temple ‘s principal deity is Adi Kumbeswara. Adi is of primordial origin, the first and foremost means ancient or. The Kumbeswarar is formless and boundless, in Shiva Linga form. Aaru + uru (form), = aaruuru. The form of the linga is of very particular importance,It’s a conical lingam, it’s the world ‘s special linga. The Puranas derive the form and the name from its context. The name of the city Kumbakonam itself derives from God’s name – Kumba and the slight angle of the Linga, and hence the word “Kumbakonam.”
- Moolavar : Kumbeswarar
- Amman / Thayar : Mangalanayaki
- Thala Virutcham : Vanni
- Theertham : Mahamagam, Pottramarai tank
- Old year : 1000-2000 years old
- Historical Name : Kudamookku
- Location : Kumbakonam,Thanjavur,Tamil Nadu
It is one of the 127 temples on the southern banks of the river Cauvery. It is mentioned as, ‘Thirukkudamooku’ in ‘Thevaram’ and at present it is called Kumbakonam. It is a prime temple amidst the many temples in Kumbakonam.
Adi kumbeswarar is the presiding Murti(deity) and Mangalambika is His consort. Indeed it is one of the 64 sthala saktibheta (Mantrabheta sthala). The Shiva Linga is tilted slightly to the left at the tip, hence the name kumbakonam (kumba – pot;konam -bend) and the deity kumbeshwara.
A pot containing nectar (Amrita) was floating during celestial dissolution and Lord Shiva came in the disguise of a hunter and pierced the pot with an arrow, making the nectar flow through the nostril on all sides.